The Buffalo Springs Reserve, forms part of a large
complex of reserves- the other two is Samburu and Shaba.
Buffalo and Samburu are adjacent to one another and are
only separated by a river. The reserve boasts of a wide
mix of animal and plant life, most of which rely on the
Ewaso Nyiro River for survival. Wildlife found includes
buffalos, cheetahs, eland, elephant, gazelles, gerenuk,
hippos, leopards, lions, oryx. Four of the 'big five'
can be seen with the exception of the rhino. A huge
number of bird species (365) have been observed in the
reserve including the heaviest flying bird; the Somali
ostrich and the kori bustard.
The reserve is on gentle lowland plain and has a main
feature in the form of an ancient lava- terrace that
forms the Champagne Ride in the Southeast. The Ewaso
Nyiro is the main source of water and is replaced by the
Isiolo River when it runs dry-which is a rare
occurrence. The Buffalo springs on the other hand are a
permanent source of drinking water for the wildlife. The
vegetation in the reserve is mainly riverine forest,
grasslands and woodlands.